SRC-like adaptor protein 2 (SLAP2) is a negative regulator of KIT-D816V-mediated oncogenic transformation
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KIT is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) involved in several cellular processes such as regulation of proliferation, survival and differentiation of early hematopoietic cells, germ cells and melanocytes. Activation of KIT results in phosphorylation of tyrosine residues in the receptor, and recruitment of proteins that mediate downstream signaling and also modulate receptor signaling. Here we show that the SRC-like adaptor protein 2 (SLAP2) binds to wild-type KIT in a ligand-dependent manner and is furthermore found constitutively associated with the oncogenic mutant KIT-D816V. Peptide fishing analysis mapped pY568 and pY570 as potential SLAP2 association sites in KIT, which overlaps with the SRC binding sites in KIT. Expression of SLAP2 in cells expressing the transforming mutant KIT-D816V led to reduced cell viability and reduced colony formation. SLAP2 also partially blocked phosphorylation of several signal transduction molecules downstream of KIT such as AKT, ERK, p38 and STAT3. Finally, SLAP2 expression enhanced ubiquitination of KIT and its subsequent degradation. Taken together, our data demonstrate that SLAP2 negatively modulates KIT-D816V-mediated transformation by enhancing degradation of the receptor.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Dec 1|