Stability and variability in the realism of confidence judgments over time, content domain, and gender

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Stability and variability in the realism of confidence judgments over time, content domain, and gender. / Jonsson, Anna-Carin; Allwood, Carl Martin.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2003, p. 559-574.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability and variability in the realism of confidence judgments over time, content domain, and gender

AU - Jonsson, Anna-Carin

AU - Allwood, Carl Martin

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - This study investigates the influence on the realism of confidence judgments of four different factors, the individual, the knowledge domain (crystallized and fluid intelligence), gender and cognitive style (Need-for-Cognition, NfC). Seventy-nine high-school students answered questions on word knowledge (WORD) and logical/spatial ability (DTK), both tests were administered on three occasions with two weeks between each trial. After each test question, each individual gave a confidence rating of his or her answer. The results showed some, but not perfect, individual stability. Furthermore, within-subject differences were found between domains (WORD/DTK); the participants showed better calibration and less overconfidence for the WORD-test as compared to the DTK-test. No stable gender differences were found for any of the two tests. Finally, the results show that having high NfC is not associated with better realism in confidence judgments. These results suggest that the realism of confidence judgments is, at least on the distal level, influenced by many different factors.

AB - This study investigates the influence on the realism of confidence judgments of four different factors, the individual, the knowledge domain (crystallized and fluid intelligence), gender and cognitive style (Need-for-Cognition, NfC). Seventy-nine high-school students answered questions on word knowledge (WORD) and logical/spatial ability (DTK), both tests were administered on three occasions with two weeks between each trial. After each test question, each individual gave a confidence rating of his or her answer. The results showed some, but not perfect, individual stability. Furthermore, within-subject differences were found between domains (WORD/DTK); the participants showed better calibration and less overconfidence for the WORD-test as compared to the DTK-test. No stable gender differences were found for any of the two tests. Finally, the results show that having high NfC is not associated with better realism in confidence judgments. These results suggest that the realism of confidence judgments is, at least on the distal level, influenced by many different factors.

KW - Cognitive style

KW - Need-for-Cognition

KW - Confidence

KW - Metacognition

KW - Calibration

KW - Individual stability

KW - Gender

KW - Knowledge domain

U2 - 10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00028-4

DO - 10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00028-4

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 559

EP - 574

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 1873-3549

IS - 4

ER -