Stories in Pictures (and Non-Pictorial Objects) – A Narratological and Cognitive Psychological Approach
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Paper in conference proceeding
In this paper, however, I intend to outline some basic and regularly occurring narrative aspects of pictures and non-pictorial objects. As a point of departure, I shall suggest (influenced by approaches from cognitive psychology, e.g. the work of Roger Schank) that cognition basically consists of the storage and retrieval of action scripts or schemata (i.e. narrative structures) which may occur on various levels of abstraction. These schemas incorporate generalized knowledge about event sequences (e.g. the order in which specific events will take place; causal, enabling, or conventionalized relations between these events, and what kind of events occur at all in certain action sequences). Moreover, there are also scene schemas which are rather characterized by spatial than temporal relations. This means that we have mentally stored inventory information, i.e. what kinds of objects normally appear in such situations, as well as spatial-relation information, i.e. concerning the usual spatial layout of a scene.
Through previous experiences we acquire a large amount of such culturally based event and scene stereotypes (along with idiosyncratic variations), either due to our previously acquired, direct familiarity with instances of events, or due to our acquaintance with written, oral, and of course pictorial descriptions of them (e.g. religious or mythological tales). They include settings, sub-goals, and actions in attempting to reach specific goals.
The production and comprehension of pictorial signs, as I will claim, is frequently based upon the existence and activation of such mentally stored action and scene schemas on part of the beholders. Actually, even things in general, whether artificial or natural objects, are capable of expressing or triggering such narrative structures, thus “telling us stories”. In this paper, I shall present some examples of pictures and non-pictorial objects where narrative structures become activated and, indeed, their recognisability and comprehensibility as such presupposes these structures.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Title of host publication||Diversities in Aesthetics - Selected Papers of the 18th Congress of Intternational Aesthetics|
|Editors||Lang Ye, Jianping Gao, Feng Peng|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||18Ith International Congress of Aesthetics - Beijing, China|
Duration: 2010 Aug 9 → 2010 Aug 13
|Conference||18Ith International Congress of Aesthetics|
|Period||2010/08/09 → 2010/08/13|
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Research output: Contribution to journal › Article