Stress sensor triggers conformational response of the integral membrane protein microsomal glutathione transferase 1
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Microsomal glutathione (GSH) transferase 1 (MGST1) is a trimeric, integral membrane protein involved in cellular response to chemical or oxidative stress. The cytosolic domain of MGST1 harbors the GSH binding site and a cysteine residue (C49) that acts as a sensor of oxidative and chemical stress. Spatially resolved changes in the kinetics of backbone amide H/D exchange reveal that the binding of a single molecule of GSH/trimer induces a cooperative conformational transition involving movements of the transmembrane helices and a reordering of the cytosolic domain. Alkylation of the stress sensor preorganizes the helices and facilitates the cooperative transition resulting in catalytic activation.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 2004|