Structural analysis of a complex between small ubiquitin-like modifier 1 (SUMO1) and the ZZ domain of CREB-binding protein (CBP/p300) reveals a new interaction surface on SUMO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We have recently discovered that the ZZ zinc finger domain represents a novel small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) binding motif. In this study we identify the binding epitopes in the ZZ domain of CBP (CREB-binding protein) and SUMO1 using NMR spectroscopy. The binding site on SUMO1 represents a unique epitope for SUMO interaction spatially opposite to that observed for canonical SUMO interaction motifs (SIMs). HADDOCK docking simulations using chemical shift perturbations and residual dipolar couplings was employed to obtain a structural model for the ZZ domain-SUMO1 complex. Isothermal titration calorimetry experiments support this model by showing that the mutation of key residues in the binding site abolishes binding and that SUMO1 can simultaneously and noncooperatively bind both the ZZ domain and a canonical SIM motif. The binding dynamics of SUMO1 was further characterized using 15N Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) relaxation dispersions, which define the off rates for the ZZ domain and SIM motif and show that the dynamic binding process has different characteristics for the two cases. Furthermore, in the absence of bound ligands SUMO1 transiently samples a high energy conformation, which might be involved in ligand binding.


  • Carl Diehl
  • Mikael Akke
  • Simon Bekker-Jensen
  • Niels Mailand
  • Werner Streicher
  • Mats Wikström
External organisations
  • University of Copenhagen
  • SARomics Biostructures AB
  • Novozymes A/S
  • Amgen Inc.
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12658-12672
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 10
Publication categoryResearch