Structural characterization of the stringent response related exopolyphosphatase/guanosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase protein family

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Abstract

Exopolyphosphatase/guanosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase (PPX/GPPA) enzymes play central roles in the bacterial stringent response induced by starvation. The high-resolution crystal structure of the putative Aquifex aeolicus PPX/GPPA phosphatase from the actin-like ATPase domain superfamily has been determined, providing the first insights to features of the common catalytic core of the PPX/GPPA family. The protein has a two-domain structure with an active site located in the interdomain cleft. Two crystal forms were investigated (type I and 11) at resolutions of 1.53 and 2.15 Angstrom, respectively. This revealed a structural flexibility that has previously been described as a "butterfly-like" cleft opening around the active site in other actin-like superfamily proteins. A calcium ion is observed at the center of this region in type I crystals, substantiating that PPX/GPPA enzymes use metal ions for catalysis. Structural analysis suggests that nucleotides bind at a similar position to that seen in other members of the superfamily.

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  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8894-8900
JournalBiochemistry
Volume43
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes