Structure of the streptococcal endopeptidase IdeS, a cysteine proteinase with strict specificity for IgG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pathogenic bacteria have developed complex and diverse virulence mechanisms that weaken or disable the host immune defense system. IdeS (IgG-degrading enzyme of Streptococcus pyogenes) is a secreted cysteine endopeptidase from the human pathogen S. pyogenes with an extraordinarily high degree of substrate specificity, catalyzing a single proteolytic cleavage at the lower hinge of human IgG. This proteolytic degradation promotes inhibition of opsonophagocytosis and interferes with the killing of group A Streptococcus. We have determined the crystal structure of the catalytically inactive mutant Ides-C94S by x-ray crystallography at 1.9-Angstrom resolution. Despite negligible sequence homology to known proteinases, the core of the structure resembles the canonical papain fold although with major insertions and a distinct substrate-binding site. Therefore IdeS belongs to a unique family within the CA clan of cysteine proteinases. Based on analogy with inhibitor complexes of papain-like proteinases, we propose a model for substrate binding by IdeS.

Details

Authors
  • K Wenig
  • L Chatwell
  • U von Pawel-Rammingen
  • Lars Björck
  • R Huber
  • P Sondermann
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine

Keywords

  • streptococcus pyogenes, Mac-1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17371-17376
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume101
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes