Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Standard

Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance. / Amilon, Anna.

Department of Economics, Lund University, 2007. 121 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Harvard

Amilon, A 2007, 'Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance', Doctor, Department of Economics.

APA

Amilon, A. (2007). Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance. Department of Economics, Lund University.

CBE

Amilon A. 2007. Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance. Department of Economics, Lund University. 121 p.

MLA

Amilon, Anna Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance Department of Economics, Lund University. 2007.

Vancouver

Amilon A. Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance. Department of Economics, Lund University, 2007. 121 p. (Lund Economic Studies).

Author

Amilon, Anna. / Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance. Department of Economics, Lund University, 2007. 121 p.

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - Studies on the Swedish Parental Insurance

AU - Amilon, Anna

N1 - Defence details Date: 2007-02-22 Time: 10:15 Place: room EC3:210, Holger Crafoords Ekonomicentrum, Tycho Brahes väg 1, Lund. External reviewer(s) Name: Ermisch, John Title: Professor Affiliation: University of Essex, Institute for social and economic research ---

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - This thesis contains an introductory chapter and three essays, all considering different aspects of the Swedish parental insurance. In the first two essays, different aspects of temporary parental leave (leave from work to take care of a sick child) are investigated, whereas the third essay considers parental leave (leave from work to take care of a new-born child). In the first essay, On the Sharing of Temporary Parental Leave, we study what determines the intra household sharing of temporary parental leave. We find that the sharing of temporary parental leave can be explained by a Stackelberg model with male dominance, indicating that the man first gets to choose his contribution to temporary parental leave. However, we also find that bargaining power influences sharing, and that the stronger the bargaining power, the smaller the individual's share of temporary parental leave. Thus, the inequality regarding the sharing of temporary parental leave works through two channels: firstly, due to men's positions as Stackelberg leaders and secondly, through men, in general, having stronger bargaining power than women. In the second essay, A Comparison of Single and Cohabiting Mothers? Utilization of Temporary Parental Leave, we investigate what influences the utilization of temporary parental leave by single and cohabiting women. We find that single women take more temporary parental leave than cohabiting women, ceteris paribus. We also find that single women with higher educations and incomes take less temporary parental leave than single women with lower educations and incomes, indicating that taking temporary parental leave induces signaling costs, and that single women respond to such costs by taking less temporary parental leave. In the third essay, Satisfaction and ?Comparison Sharing? ? What influences parents? satisfaction with the sharing of parental leave?, we study what induces parents to, ex post, be satisfied with the intra household sharing of parental leave. In particular, we investigate if the probability of satisfaction is influenced by how other similar couples shared parental leave, i.e. if ?comparison sharing? influences satisfaction. We find that parents are more likely to be satisfied with the sharing of parental leave if they shared more equally than similar couples. Thus, we conclude that parents? preferences are interdependent in this respect. In addition, the labor market situation of the parents and/or their financial situation largely influence the sharing of parental leave, and when it does, parents are significantly less likely to be satisfied with sharing.

AB - This thesis contains an introductory chapter and three essays, all considering different aspects of the Swedish parental insurance. In the first two essays, different aspects of temporary parental leave (leave from work to take care of a sick child) are investigated, whereas the third essay considers parental leave (leave from work to take care of a new-born child). In the first essay, On the Sharing of Temporary Parental Leave, we study what determines the intra household sharing of temporary parental leave. We find that the sharing of temporary parental leave can be explained by a Stackelberg model with male dominance, indicating that the man first gets to choose his contribution to temporary parental leave. However, we also find that bargaining power influences sharing, and that the stronger the bargaining power, the smaller the individual's share of temporary parental leave. Thus, the inequality regarding the sharing of temporary parental leave works through two channels: firstly, due to men's positions as Stackelberg leaders and secondly, through men, in general, having stronger bargaining power than women. In the second essay, A Comparison of Single and Cohabiting Mothers? Utilization of Temporary Parental Leave, we investigate what influences the utilization of temporary parental leave by single and cohabiting women. We find that single women take more temporary parental leave than cohabiting women, ceteris paribus. We also find that single women with higher educations and incomes take less temporary parental leave than single women with lower educations and incomes, indicating that taking temporary parental leave induces signaling costs, and that single women respond to such costs by taking less temporary parental leave. In the third essay, Satisfaction and ?Comparison Sharing? ? What influences parents? satisfaction with the sharing of parental leave?, we study what induces parents to, ex post, be satisfied with the intra household sharing of parental leave. In particular, we investigate if the probability of satisfaction is influenced by how other similar couples shared parental leave, i.e. if ?comparison sharing? influences satisfaction. We find that parents are more likely to be satisfied with the sharing of parental leave if they shared more equally than similar couples. Thus, we conclude that parents? preferences are interdependent in this respect. In addition, the labor market situation of the parents and/or their financial situation largely influence the sharing of parental leave, and when it does, parents are significantly less likely to be satisfied with sharing.

KW - Nationalekonomi

KW - ekonometri

KW - ekonomisk teori

KW - economic policy

KW - satisfaction

KW - Economics

KW - econometrics

KW - economic theory

KW - economic systems

KW - interdependence of preferences

KW - signaling effects

KW - cohabiting mothers

KW - single mothers

KW - parental leave

KW - intra-household sharing

KW - temporary parental leave

KW - ekonomiska system

KW - ekonomisk politik

M3 - Doctoral Thesis (compilation)

T3 - Lund Economic Studies

PB - Department of Economics, Lund University

ER -