Sub-Kelvin hysteresis of the dilanthanide single-molecule magnet Tb2ScN@ C80

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Magnetic hysteresis is a direct manifestation of nonequilibrium physics that has to be understood if a system is to be used for information storage and processing. The dilanthanide endofullerene Tb2ScN@C80 is shown to be a single-molecule magnet with a remanence time on the order of 100 s at 400 mK. Three different temperature-dependent relaxation barriers are discerned. The lowest 1 K barrier is assigned to intermolecular dipole-dipole interaction, the 10 K barrier to intramolecular exchange and dipolar coupling, and the 50 K barrier to molecular vibrations as was observed for Dy2ScN@C80. The 4 orders of magnitude difference in the prefactor between the Tb and the Dy compound in the decay process across the 10 K barrier is assigned to the lack of Kramers protection in Tb3+. The sub-Kelvin hysteresis follows changes in the magnetization at level crossings of the four possible Tb2 ground-state configurations. Comparison to a hysteresis model, with magnetic relaxation at level crossings only, reveals cooperative action between nearby molecules.


External organisations
  • University of Zurich
  • Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Condensed Matter Physics
Original languageEnglish
Article number134429
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 27
Publication categoryResearch