Superamphiphobic coatings based on liquid-core microcapsules with engineered capsule walls and functionality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Microcapsules with specific functional properties, related to the capsule wall and core, are highly desired in a number of applications. In this study, hybrid cellulose microcapsules (1.2 ± 0.4 μm in diameter) were prepared by nanoengineering the outer walls of precursor capsules. Depending on the preparation route, capsules with different surface roughness (raspberry or broccoli-like), and thereby different wetting properties, could be obtained. The tunable surface roughness was achieved as a result of the chemical and structural properties of the outer wall of a precursor capsule, which combined with a new processing route allowed in-situ formation of silica nanoparticles (30-40 nm or 70 nm in diameter). By coating glass slides with "broccoli-like" microcapsules (30-40 nm silica nanoparticles), static contact angles above 150° and roll-off angles below 6° were obtained for both water and low surface-tension oil (hexadecane), rendering the substrate superamphiphobic. As a comparison, coatings from raspberry-like capsules were only strongly oleophobic and hydrophobic. The liquid-core of the capsules opens great opportunities to incorporate different functionalities and here hydrophobic superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPIONs) were encapsulated. As a result, magnetic broccoli-like microcapsules formed an excellent superamphiphobic coating-layer on a curved geometry by simply applying an external magnetic field.


  • Malin Nordenström
  • Anastasia V. Riazanova
  • Mikael Järn
  • Thomas Paulraj
  • Charlotta Turner
  • Valter Ström
  • Richard T. Olsson
  • Anna J. Svagan
External organisations
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • RISE Bioscience and materials
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Materials Engineering
  • Nano Technology
Original languageEnglish
Article number3647
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch