Superheavy Element Flerovium (Element 114) Is a Volatile Metal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The electronic structure of superheavy elements (Z ≥ 104) and their chemical properties are dominated by relativistic effects. Recently two superheavy elements were recognized by the IUPAC and named flerovium (Fl, Z = 114) and livermorium (Lv, Z = 116). Fl is the heaviest element with which chemical experiments were performed. Here, we report on experiments that help answering the long-standing question whether Fl behaves rather like a noble gas or like a metal.


  • A. Yakushev
  • J.M. Gates
  • A. Türler
  • M. Schädel
  • C.E. Düllmann
  • D. Ackermann
  • L.-L. Andersson
  • M. Block
  • W. Brüchle
  • J. Dvorak
  • K. Eberhardt
  • H.G. Essel
  • J. Even
  • A. Gorshkov
  • R. Graeger
  • K.E. Gregorich
  • W. Hartmann
  • R.-D. Herzberg
  • F.P. Heßberger
  • D. Hild
  • A. Hübner
  • E. Jäger
  • J. Khuyagbaatar
  • B. Kindler
  • J.V. Kratz
  • J. Krier
  • N. Kurz
  • B. Lommel
  • L.J. Niewisch
  • H. Nitsche
  • J.P. Omtvedt
  • E. Parr
  • Z. Qin
  • J. Runke
  • B. Schausten
  • E. Schimpf
  • A. Semchenkov
  • J. Steiner
  • P. Thörle-Pospiech
  • J. Uusitalo
  • M. Wegrzecki
  • N. Wiehl
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Subatomic Physics


  • superheavy elements, element 114, gas chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1624-1629
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch

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