Survival and immunogenicity of dissociated allogeneic fetal neural dopamine-rich grafts when implanted into the brains of adult mice
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
The survival of grafts of dissociated allogeneic fetal neural dopamine (DA) rich tissue in the striatum has been studied after transplantation between inbred strains of mice differing at defined immunogenetical loci between donor and recipient. Six to 7 weeks and 15 weeks after grafting, surviving grafted DA neurons were found in the brains of all the recipients, albeit with a large variation in numbers, located either within the striatum or within the adjacent lateral ventricle. The mean number of surviving DA neurons did not differ between the syngeneic controls and the histoincompatible donor-host combinations, and there was no difference in survival between grafts that differed at single or multiple major histocompatibility complex (MHC) loci, and those that differed at multiple non-MHC loci. The amount of inflammatory cells in the graft area did not differ between the groups, and none of the animals showed massive infiltration of inflammatory cells. The in situ immunogenicity of the grafted neural tissue after intracerebral implantation was monitored by means of Simonsen's alloimmunization test, at 6-7 weeks after transplantation, which provides a sensitive measure primarily of the cellular immunological response. Most, but not all, graft recipients showed immunization with a Spleen Index (S.I.) close to that seen in recipients of an orthotopical skin graft of the same histoincompatibility combination. In contrast to the prolonged survival of the intracerebral neural transplants, none of the skin grafts survived longer than 3 weeks, thus demonstrating the immunologically privileged status of the brain. We conclude that intracerebrally grafted allogeneic neural tissue is capable of provoking a cellular immune response. Despite host immunization, however, the dissociated fetal neural allografts survived for at least 15 weeks without any overt signs of rejection, regardless of the donor-host combination used.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Experimental Brain Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|