Suspended biofilm carrier and activated sludge removal of acidic pharmaceuticals.

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Suspended biofilm carrier and activated sludge removal of acidic pharmaceuticals. / Falås, Per; Baillon-Dhumez, A; Andersen, H R; Ledin, Anna; la Cour Jansen, Jes.

In: Water Research, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2012, p. 1167-1175.

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Falås, Per ; Baillon-Dhumez, A ; Andersen, H R ; Ledin, Anna ; la Cour Jansen, Jes. / Suspended biofilm carrier and activated sludge removal of acidic pharmaceuticals. In: Water Research. 2012 ; Vol. 46, No. 4. pp. 1167-1175.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Suspended biofilm carrier and activated sludge removal of acidic pharmaceuticals.

AU - Falås, Per

AU - Baillon-Dhumez, A

AU - Andersen, H R

AU - Ledin, Anna

AU - la Cour Jansen, Jes

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Removal of seven active pharmaceutical substances (ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, clofibric acid, mefenamic acid, and gemfibrozil) was assessed by batch experiments, with suspended biofilm carriers and activated sludge from several full-scale wastewater treatment plants. A distinct difference between nitrifying activated sludge and suspended biofilm carrier removal of several pharmaceuticals was demonstrated. Biofilm carriers from full-scale nitrifying wastewater treatment plants, demonstrated considerably higher removal rates per unit biomass (i.e. suspended solids for the sludges and attached solids for the carriers) of diclofenac, ketoprofen, gemfibrozil, clofibric acid and mefenamic acid compared to the sludges. Among the target pharmaceuticals, only ibuprofen and naproxen showed similar removal rates per unit biomass for the sludges and biofilm carriers. In contrast to the pharmaceutical removal, the nitrification capacity per unit biomass was lower for the carriers than the sludges, which suggests that neither the nitrite nor the ammonia oxidizing bacteria are primarily responsible for the observed differences in pharmaceutical removal. The low ability of ammonia oxidizing bacteria to degrade or transform the target pharmaceuticals was further demonstrated by the limited pharmaceutical removal in an experiment with continuous nitritation and biofilm carriers from a partial nitritation/anammox sludge liquor treatment process.

AB - Removal of seven active pharmaceutical substances (ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, clofibric acid, mefenamic acid, and gemfibrozil) was assessed by batch experiments, with suspended biofilm carriers and activated sludge from several full-scale wastewater treatment plants. A distinct difference between nitrifying activated sludge and suspended biofilm carrier removal of several pharmaceuticals was demonstrated. Biofilm carriers from full-scale nitrifying wastewater treatment plants, demonstrated considerably higher removal rates per unit biomass (i.e. suspended solids for the sludges and attached solids for the carriers) of diclofenac, ketoprofen, gemfibrozil, clofibric acid and mefenamic acid compared to the sludges. Among the target pharmaceuticals, only ibuprofen and naproxen showed similar removal rates per unit biomass for the sludges and biofilm carriers. In contrast to the pharmaceutical removal, the nitrification capacity per unit biomass was lower for the carriers than the sludges, which suggests that neither the nitrite nor the ammonia oxidizing bacteria are primarily responsible for the observed differences in pharmaceutical removal. The low ability of ammonia oxidizing bacteria to degrade or transform the target pharmaceuticals was further demonstrated by the limited pharmaceutical removal in an experiment with continuous nitritation and biofilm carriers from a partial nitritation/anammox sludge liquor treatment process.

U2 - 10.1016/j.watres.2011.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.watres.2011.12.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 22209263

VL - 46

SP - 1167

EP - 1175

JO - Water Research

JF - Water Research

SN - 1879-2448

IS - 4

ER -