Sustainability in ecotourism supply chains: Evidence from cases of Swedish ecotourism packages to Peru and to Nepal-Bhutan.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper presents application of sustainable tourism practices by leading tour operators in international ecotourism supply chains. Observations of actions implemented by the inbound and outbound operators creating the ecotourism experience are drawn from two case studies – one of trips to Peru and the other of trips to Nepal-Bhutan - both available on the Swedish market. The cases explore how sustainable tourism measures promoted by the outbound tour operator (OTO)are disseminated to, and endorsed by the inbound tour operators (ITOs) in destinations. The methodology used included participant observation as part of groups, complemented by field notes and data from extensive interviews with the operators’ ground staff, tour guides and management. Presentation of case studies supports a discussion on the role of ecotourism supply chains for the dissemination of a culture of corporate responsibility and for sustainable tourism practices in general.


  • Camelia Tepelus
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • Tour Operators, Sustainability, Ecotourism, Supply Chain
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-98
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch