Sustainability of an Enhanced Recovery Program for Pancreaticoduodenectomy with Pancreaticogastrostomy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Enhanced recovery program for pancreaticoduodenectomy have become standard care. Little is known about adherence rates and sustainability of the program, especially when pancreaticogastrostomy is used in reconstruction. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate adherence rates and continued outcome, after implementation of an enhanced recovery program. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy at the Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden were followed, after implementation of enhanced recovery program, October 2012. In April 2015, some items in the enhanced recovery program were modified, namely earlier removal of nasogastric tubes and abdominal drain. The patients were analyzed in three groups, the implementation group (control) and two post-implementation groups; intermediate and modified group. Sustainability was assessed according to length of stay and adherence rate. Results: In total, 160 patients were identified. The overall protocol adherence rate increased from 65% to 72%, p = 0.035. While the pre- and intraoperative protocol items were fulfilled to more than >90%, the postoperative were lower, but increasing over time; 48%, 50%, and 58%, p = 0.033. Postoperative complications and hospital length of stay did not change significantly. Conclusion: The positive outcome of an enhanced recovery program for pancreaticoduodenectomy was reasonably well sustained. Compliance with the protocol has increased, but strict adherence remains a challenge, especially with the postoperative items.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery


  • adherence, compliance, Enhanced recovery program, fast track, pancreaticoduodenectomy, sustainability
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-22
JournalScandinavian Journal of Surgery
Issue number1
Early online date2018 May 1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch