Swallowing and respiratory pattern in young healthy individuals recorded with high temporal resolution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


P>The coordination of swallowing and respiration is essential for a safe swallow. Swallowing consists of several subsecond events. To study this, it is important to use modalities with high temporal resolution. In this study, we have examined young healthy individuals with simultaneous videofluoroscopy, videomanometry and respiratory recording, all with high temporal resolution. The onset of 13 predetermined swallowing and respiratory events and the surrounding respiratory phase pattern were studied in different body positions and during different respiratory drives. An increased respiratory drive was induced by breathing 5% CO2. The results demonstrated a highly repeatable and fixed temporal coordination of the swallowing pattern despite body position and respiratory drive. Previous studies have demonstrated a period of centrally controlled apnoea during swallowing. This apnoea period has a variable length, varying from 1 to 5 s. During increased respiratory drive, we could demonstrate a significantly shorter period of apnoea during swallowing, mainly due to an earlier resumption of respiration. The high temporal recordings in this study have revealed that swallowing during expiration is present basically in all healthy individuals. This swallowing respiratory pattern seems to be appropriate for a safe swallow. This knowledge will be used as a reference for future studies on how swallowing and respiratory coordination might be altered due to ageing and diseases.


  • K. Boden
  • A. I. Hardemark Cedborg
  • L. I. Eriksson
  • H. Witt Hedstrom
  • R. Kuylenstierna
  • E. Sundman
  • Olle Ekberg
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging


  • temporal, swallowing, respiratory, resolution, apnoea, coordination
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch