Synergistic platelet inhibition between Omega-3 and acetylsalicylic acid dose titration; an observational study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Omega-3 and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) are two widely used “over-the-counter” drugs. Previous research has shown multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) can detect ASA and varying Omega-3 platelet inhibiting effects. Synergistic platelet inhibiting effects of ASA and Omega-3 have been found using other methods than MEA. The aim of this study was to investigate the antiplatelet effects of Omega-3, and ASA synergism with MEA. Methods: Ten healthy male volunteers ingested Omega-3 (1260mg/day) for 5 days. MEA was used to analyse platelet function before and after Omega-3 intake. Aggregation was initiated using three different agonists and measured as area under the curve (AUC): adenosine diphosphate (ADP), thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP) and arachidonic acid (ASPI). Two concentrations of ASA were dose titrated ex vivo to 2 out of 3 ASPI test cells in order to measure synergism between Omega-3 and ASA. Results: Following 5 days Omega-3 intake, ADP, TRAP and ASPI AUC did not change significantly. In vitro ASA before Omega-3 intake, reduced ASPI AUC < 30 U, indicating a strong platelet inhibiting effect. Below this AUC level, the 5 days Omega-3 intake increased ASPI-AUC with the ex vivo added low dose ASA (P = 0.02) and high dose ASA (P = 0.04). Conclusions: No synergism between ASA and Omega-3 was found using the MEA ASPI test. The surprising increase in ASPI-AUC following Omega-3 intake and ex vivo ASA suggest that there are methodological issuses with the MEA ASPI test.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Clinical Medicine

Keywords

  • Acetylsalicylic acid, Coagulation, Omega-3
Original languageEnglish
Article number204 (2020)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies
Volume20
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 2
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Total downloads

No data available