Synthesis and Characterization of a Family of POCOP Pincer Complexes with Nickel: Reactivity Towards CO2 and Phenylacetylene.

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Abstract

A cyclohexyl-based POC sp 3OP pincer ligand (POC sp 3OP=cis-1,3-bis(di-tert-butylphosphinito)cyclohexyl) cyclometalates with nickel to generate a series of new POC sp 3OP-supported Ni(II) complexes, including the halide, hydride, methyl, and phenyl species. trans-[NiCl{cis-1,3-bis(di-tert-butylphosphinito)cyclohexane}], [(POC sp 3OP)NiCl] (1 a) and the analogous bromide complex (1 b) were synthesized and fully characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Cyclic voltammetry measurements of 1 a and 1 b alongside their bis(phosphine) analogues [(PC sp 3P)NiCl] (2 a) and [(PC sp 3P)NiCl] (2 a) (PC sp 3P=cis-1,3-bis(di-tert-butylphosphino)cyclohexyl) indicate a reduced electron density at the metal center upon introducing electron-withdrawing oxygen atoms in the pincer arms. The methyl [(POC sp 3OP)NiMe] (3) and phenyl [(POC sp 3OP)NiPh] (4) complexes were formed from 1 a by reaction with the corresponding organolithium reagents. 1 a also reacts with LiAlH4 to give the hydride complex [(POC sp 3OP)NiH] (5). The methyl complex 3 reacts with phenyl acetylene to give the acetylide complex [(POC sp 3OP)NiCCPh] (6). The reactivity of compounds 3-5 towards CO2 was studied. The hydride complex 5 and the methyl complex 3 both underwent CO2 insertion to form the formate species [(POC sp 3OP)NiOCOH] (7) and acetate species [(POC sp 3OP)NiOCOCH3 ] (8), respectively, although with a higher barrier of insertion in the latter case. Compound 4 was unreactive towards CO2 even at elevated temperatures. Complexes 3-8 were all characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography.

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  • Chemical Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11894-11902
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Volume20
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes