Synthesis of amphiphilic amylose and starch derivatives

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For non-food uses starch generally is modified in order to obtain products with properties suitable for various applications. In the present work, starch and amylose were hydrophobically modified through reactions with long-chain alpha -alkyl epoxides (C-6 and C-12) in DMSO solution, in the presence of NaH as a catalyst. The molar substitution (MS) was calculated from NMR spectra. Derivatives with high as well as low MS values were obtained. In order to reach MS values above 1.5, the reaction had to be run for 150-300 h. Viscosity and GPC measurements indicated that the polysaccharides were degraded in DMSO under the influence of methyl sulfinyl anion, which presumably is the active catalyst. The derivatives were also characterized by FTIR. The ratio between the peak areas for OH stretching and alkyl stretching vibrations, respectively, in the FTIR spectra, was found to be proportional to MS values determined from NMR spectra. The solubility of the hydrophobically modified polysaccharide in various solvents was tested. Samples having C-12-alkyl side chains and MS > 1 were soluble in toluene. The C6 derivatives were water soluble up to a MS value of 0.3.

Details

Authors
  • Bengt Wesslén
  • Bodil Wesslén
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Sciences

Keywords

  • characterization, amylose and starch derivatives, alkyl ethers, molecular weight distribution
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-311
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume47
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)