Synthesis of boronate-contaming copolymers of N,N-dimethylacrylamide, their interaction with poly(vinyl alcohol) and rheological behaviour of the gels
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Cross-linking of polyvinylalcohol (PVA) by boronate-containing copolymer of N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMAA, 1) was studied and compared to cross-linking of PVA by borate buffers in weakly alkaline solutions. The copolymer of M-w = 19,000 g mor(-1) containing 9 mol% N-acryloyl-m-aminophenylboronic acid (NAAPBA, 2) was prepared by free radical polymerization of the monomers, exhibiting copolymerization constants r(1) = 0.84 and r(2) = 2.2. Due to multipoint interaction of the copolymer with PVA via monodiols, the intermolecular cross-linking required for seven-fold and 10-fold lower boron concentrations as compared to borate buffers of pH 8.6 and 7.5, respectively. In theological measurements, PVA-copolymer gels exhibited storage moduli (G'(max) comparable to those of PVA-borate gels prepared at 7.5-fold higher boron concentration and the same pH 8.6, what testified to the similar concentration of cross-links in the gels. Therefore, DMAA-NAAPBA copolymer is a more effective cross-linker of PVA than borate. The PVA-copolymer gel exhibited much higher relaxation time (97 s) compared to PVA-borate gels (less than or equal to20 s) indicating a longer lifetime of junction zones. The 'shape stability, of the gel is suggested to originate in the structure of junctions, containing several boronate-diol complexes, between the macromolecules of PVA and the copolymer. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 2004|