Synthesis of Indole Alkaloids and Development of New Methodology

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Bibtex

@phdthesis{a5028c191f57454c92e3fecd8a5b8bf3,
title = "Synthesis of Indole Alkaloids and Development of New Methodology",
abstract = "This thesis describes our efforts towards the total synthesis of natural products and the development of a newmethodology to afford a synthetically important scaffold.Chapter 2 outlines our efforts towards the total synthesis of a marine natural product, perophoramidine as wellas our completed synthesis of dehaloperophoramidine. The focus of the studies was to develop an efficient andconcise strategy to afford the natural products. We aimed at utilising the inherent structure and symmetry of thenatural product to encourage domino processes and gain access to the key features. The vicinal quaternarystereocenters were installed by employing Overman’s diastereoselective dialkylation protocol. Two new dominoprocesses were discovered. The first domino process led to the formation of the ortho-amide and carefulinvestigation of its reactivity led to the discovery of the second domino process which ultimately delivereddehaloperophoramidine. The synthesis was completed in eight steps starting from isoindigo.Chapter 3 describes our efforts towards the total synthesis of strictamine. The key features of strictamine thatneed to be addressed when pursuing the synthesis are: (i) the quaternary stereocenter, (ii) the centralcyclohexane moiety (D ring) with four stereocenters, and (iii) the cage-like methanoquinolizidine core. We aimedat accessing these key features through intramolecular Heck reaction to access the central D ring with parts ofthe substitution pattern already present and the quaternary stereocenter. For the methanoquinolizidine core, weplanned to adopt our previously described domino carbopalladation/carbonylation protocol. The synthesis is inan advanced state with two additional functionalisation left in order to access the target compound. Described inthis chapter is our effort to access the core structure of strictamine with all the rings installed.The third part of this thesis deals with the development of a new methodology to access indoline scaffolds thatfeature an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter. We were able to synthesise allyl anilines through the regio- andstereoselective ring-opening of vinyl aziridines with 2-iodoaniline. The final indoline scaffold was furnished byintramolecular Heck reaction with concomitant formation of the quaternary stereocenter.",
keywords = "total synthesis, indole alkaloids, Domino reactions, vicinal quaternary stereocenters, quaternary stereocenter, indoline synthesis, communesin alkaloid, perophoramidine, dehaloperophoramidine, akuammiline alkaloids, strictamine, intramolecular Heck reaction, domino carbopalladation carbonylation, indoline alkaloids",
author = "Anita Hoang",
note = "Defence details Date: 2019-04-12 Time: 09:00 Place: Sal B, Kemicentrum, Naturvetarv{\"a}gen 14, Lund External reviewer(s) Name: Poulsen, Thomas Title: Ass. Professor Affiliation: Aarhus University, Denmark ---",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-91-7422-645-4",
publisher = "Lund University, Faculty of Science, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering",
school = "Department of Chemistry",

}