Synthesis, Radiolabeling, and in Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of [ 18 F]ENL30: A Potential PET Radiotracer for the 5-HT 7 Receptor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The 5-HT 7 receptor (5-HT 7 R) is involved in a broad range of physiological conditions and disorders. Currently, there is no validated clinical positron emission tomography (PET) tracer available; however, we have recently developed a promising 11 C-labeled candidate. In this project, we aimed to further extend our efforts and develop an 18 F-labeled derivative, coined [ 18 F]ENL30. Fluorine-18 has several advantages over carbon-11 especially within the preclinical phase, where a long half-life usually increases evaluation throughput. ENL30 was successfully synthesized in a low albeit sufficient overall yield. Radiolabeling succeeded with a radiochemical yield of approximately 4.5%. Subsequent preclinical PET studies revealed that [ 18 F]ENL30 binds specifically to the 5-HT 7 R but suffered from affinity to σ-receptors. Additionally, we identified [ 18 F]ENL30 to be a P-gp substrate in rats. However, we believe that [ 18 F]ENL30 may prove to be valuable in higher species that exhibit decreased P-gp dependency. If required, σ-receptor binding could, in such studies, be selectively blocked potentially allowing for selective 5-HT 7 R imaging.


  • Elina Tampio L'Estrade
  • Fraser G. Edgar
  • Mengfei Xiong
  • Vladimir Shalgunov
  • Simone L. Baerentzen
  • Maria Erlandsson
  • Tomas G. Ohlsson
  • Mikael Palner
  • Gitte M. Knudsen
  • Matthias M. Herth
External organisations
  • Copenhagen University Hospital
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7344-7353
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes