Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region

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Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. / Zenker, Mauricio M.; Wahlberg, Niklas; Brehm, Gunnar; Teston, José A.; Przybylowicz, Lukasz; Pie, Marcio R.; Freitas, André V L.

In: Zoologica Scripta, Vol. 46, No. 3, 05.2017, p. 348-362.

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Zenker, MM, Wahlberg, N, Brehm, G, Teston, JA, Przybylowicz, L, Pie, MR & Freitas, AVL 2017, 'Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region', Zoologica Scripta, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 348-362. https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12202

APA

Zenker, M. M., Wahlberg, N., Brehm, G., Teston, J. A., Przybylowicz, L., Pie, M. R., & Freitas, A. V. L. (2017). Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. Zoologica Scripta, 46(3), 348-362. https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12202

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MLA

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Author

Zenker, Mauricio M. ; Wahlberg, Niklas ; Brehm, Gunnar ; Teston, José A. ; Przybylowicz, Lukasz ; Pie, Marcio R. ; Freitas, André V L. / Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. In: Zoologica Scripta. 2017 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 348-362.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region

AU - Zenker, Mauricio M.

AU - Wahlberg, Niklas

AU - Brehm, Gunnar

AU - Teston, José A.

AU - Przybylowicz, Lukasz

AU - Pie, Marcio R.

AU - Freitas, André V L

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - The availability of standard protocols to obtain DNA sequences has allowed the inference of phylogenetic Hypotheses for many taxa, including moths. We here have inferred a phylogeny using maximum-Likelihood and Bayesian approaches for a species-rich group of moths (Erebidae, Arctiinae), with strong emphasis on Neotropical genera collected in different field campaigns in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, eastern Amazon and southern Ecuador. A total of 277 species belonging to 246 genera were included in the analysis. Our main objectives were to shed light on the relationships between suprageneric groups, especially subtribes, and hypothesize colonization events in and out of the Neotropics. The monophyly of Arctiinae and its four tribes (Lithosiini, Amerilini, Syntomini and Arctiini) was recovered in the ML and Bayesian trees. Three Lithosiini subtribes previously found and two additional species groups were recovered monophyletic in both phylogenetic estimation methods. In Arctiini, the monophyly of Spilosomina and Arctiina was highly supported in the ML and Bayesian trees, but the monophyly of Ctenuchina and Echromiina was weakly supported in the ML tree and absent in the Bayesian tree; the remaining subtribes were paraphyletic and, in the case of Phageopterina, formed several species groups. The mapping of species occurrence in our ML tree suggests that Arctiinae have an Old World origin and that the Neotropical region was colonized at least six times independently. Our analysis also suggests that a number of species that occur in Neotropical and other zoogeographic regions may have originated in the Neotropics, although further taxon sampling is required to support this hypothesis. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a highly speciose group of tropical moths is well covered in a phylogeny, and it seems plausible that the results reported here may be extendable to other species-rich tropical undersampled moth taxa.

AB - The availability of standard protocols to obtain DNA sequences has allowed the inference of phylogenetic Hypotheses for many taxa, including moths. We here have inferred a phylogeny using maximum-Likelihood and Bayesian approaches for a species-rich group of moths (Erebidae, Arctiinae), with strong emphasis on Neotropical genera collected in different field campaigns in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, eastern Amazon and southern Ecuador. A total of 277 species belonging to 246 genera were included in the analysis. Our main objectives were to shed light on the relationships between suprageneric groups, especially subtribes, and hypothesize colonization events in and out of the Neotropics. The monophyly of Arctiinae and its four tribes (Lithosiini, Amerilini, Syntomini and Arctiini) was recovered in the ML and Bayesian trees. Three Lithosiini subtribes previously found and two additional species groups were recovered monophyletic in both phylogenetic estimation methods. In Arctiini, the monophyly of Spilosomina and Arctiina was highly supported in the ML and Bayesian trees, but the monophyly of Ctenuchina and Echromiina was weakly supported in the ML tree and absent in the Bayesian tree; the remaining subtribes were paraphyletic and, in the case of Phageopterina, formed several species groups. The mapping of species occurrence in our ML tree suggests that Arctiinae have an Old World origin and that the Neotropical region was colonized at least six times independently. Our analysis also suggests that a number of species that occur in Neotropical and other zoogeographic regions may have originated in the Neotropics, although further taxon sampling is required to support this hypothesis. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a highly speciose group of tropical moths is well covered in a phylogeny, and it seems plausible that the results reported here may be extendable to other species-rich tropical undersampled moth taxa.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84979622744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/zsc.12202

DO - 10.1111/zsc.12202

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 348

EP - 362

JO - Zoologica Scripta

T2 - Zoologica Scripta

JF - Zoologica Scripta

SN - 0300-3256

IS - 3

ER -