Systematics for types and effects of RNA variations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Systematics is described for annotation of variations in RNA molecules. The conceptual framework is part of Variation Ontology (VariO) and facilitates depiction of types of variations, their functional and structural effects and other consequences in any RNA molecule in any organism. There are more than 150 RNA related VariO terms in seven levels, which can be further combined to generate even more complicated and detailed annotations. The terms are described together with examples, usually for variations and effects in human and in diseases. RNA variation type has two subcategories: variation classification and origin with subterms. Altogether six terms are available for function description. Several terms are available for affected RNA properties. The ontology contains also terms for structural description for affected RNA type, post-transcriptional RNA modifications, secondary and tertiary structure effects and RNA sugar variations. Together with the DNA and protein concepts and annotations, RNA terms allow comprehensive description of variations of genetic and non-genetic origin at all possible levels. The VariO annotations are readable both for humans and computer programs for advanced data integration and mining.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Bioinformatics and Systems Biology


  • RNA, RNA variation classification, systematics, variation ontology, VariO
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-498
JournalRNA Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch