Targeted proteomic analysis of habitual coffee consumption

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Coffee drinking has been implicated in mortality and a variety of diseases but potential mechanisms underlying these associations are unclear. Large-scale systems epidemiological approaches may offer novel insights to mechanisms underlying associations of coffee with health. Objective: We performed an analysis of known and novel protein markers linked to cardiovascular disease and their association with habitual coffee intake in the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS, n = 816) and followed up top proteins in the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM, n = 635) and EpiHealth (n = 2418). Methods: In PIVUS and ULSAM, coffee intake was measured by 7-day dietary records whilst a computer-based food frequency questionnaire was used in EpiHealth. Levels of up to 80 proteins were assessed in plasma by a proximity extension assay. Results: Four protein–coffee associations adjusted for age, sex, smoking and BMI, met statistical significance in PIVUS (FDR < 5%, P < 2.31 × 10−3): leptin (LEP), chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L), tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor 6 and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. The inverse association between coffee intake and LEP replicated in ULSAM (β, −0.042 SD per cup of coffee, P = 0.028) and EpiHealth (β, −0.025 SD per time of coffee, P = 0.004). The negative coffee–CHI3L association replicated in EpiHealth (β, −0.07, P = 1.15 × 10−7), but not in ULSAM (β, −0.034, P = 0.16). Conclusions: The current study supports an inverse association between coffee intake and plasma LEP and CHI3L1 levels. The coffee–CHI3L1 association is novel and warrants further investigation given links between CHI3L1 and health conditions that are also potentially influenced by coffee.

Details

Authors
  • M. C. Cornelis
  • S. Gustafsson
  • J. Ärnlöv
  • S. Elmståhl
  • S. Söderberg
  • J. Sundström
  • K. Michaëlsson
  • L. Lind
  • E. Ingelsson
Organisations
External organisations
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Uppsala University
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Dalarna University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Umeå University
  • Stanford University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Clinical Medicine

Keywords

  • biomarkers, coffee, epidemiology, population, proteomics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-211
JournalJournal of Internal Medicine
Volume283
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes