T-cell recognition of lipid peroxidation products breaks tolerance to self proteins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in lipoproteins and cell membrane phospholipids occurs in many situations in the body, both under normal and pathological conditions. Low-density lipoprotein is particularly prone to oxidation and is believed to be a pathogenetic component in atherogenesis. Both antibody responses and T-cell responses to oxidatively modified lipoproteins have been demonstrated in humans as well as in animal models. However, little is known about how these responses arise or how T cells recognize these antigens. In the present study, mice were immunized with homologous albumin covalently modified with a series of defined aldehydes which are known to be generated during lipid peroxidation. T-cell hybridomas from immunized animals demonstrated major histocompatibility complex-restricted and protein sequence-dependent responses to modified albumin, but not to native albumin. In addition to the response to modified epitopes, some aldehyde modifications resulted in strong antibody responses also to the non-modified protein. This T-cell-dependent break of tolerance constitutes a novel pathway for induction of autoimmunity by lipid peroxidation. The findings have implications in many situations where lipid peroxidation products are generated, including atherosclerosis and inflammatory and infectious diseases.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-279
JournalImmunology
Volume98
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes