Ten years of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide alters soil nitrogen transformations in a sheep-grazed pasture

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The increasing concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO(2)) is expected to lead to enhanced competition between plants and microorganisms for the available nitrogen (N) in soil. Here, we present novel results from a 15N tracing study conducted with a sheep-grazed pasture soil that had been under 10 years of CO(2) enrichment. Our study aimed to investigate changes in process-specific gross N transformations in a soil previously exposed to an elevated atmospheric CO(2) (eCO(2)) concentration and to examine indicators for the occurrence of progressive nitrogen limitation (PNL). Our results show that the mineralization-immobilization turnover (MIT) was enhanced under eCO(2), which was driven by the mineralization of recalcitrant organic N. The retention of N in the grassland was enhanced by increased dissimilatory NO(3)- reduction to NH(4)+ (DNRA) and decreased NH(4)+ oxidation. Our results indicate that heterotrophic processes become more important under eCO(2). We conclude that higher MIT of recalcitrant organic N and enhanced N retention are mechanisms that may alleviate PNL in grazed temperate grassland.

Details

Authors
  • T Rutting
  • TJ Clough
  • C Muller
  • M Lieffering
  • PCD Newton
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Keywords

  • elevated CO(2), grazing, gross N transformation, model, 15N tracing, progressive N limitation, soil, temperate grassland
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2530-2542
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume16
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes