Testing child-woman ratios and the own-children method on the 1900 Sweden census: Examples of indirect fertility estimates by socioeconomic status in a historical population

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Focusing on the Swedish census of 1900, the child-woman ratio and own-children method have been applied to assess socioeconomic differences in fertility. These indirect estimates of fertility have been compared to the vital statistics at the national level to assess their reliability. This comparison demonstrated that the estimated results suffered from few errors. Even if these indirect estimates of fertility could be affected by possible socioeconomic differences in mortality, the tests show that at least in the Swedish case, the impact of mortality on the indirect measures is limited. As infant mortality differences by socioeconomic status are relatively small, indirect fertility estimates are mainly affected by differences in reproductive behavior.


External organisations
  • University of Bologna
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economic History


  • Census, child-woman ratio, fertility decline, own-children method, socioeconomic status
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-29
Number of pages14
JournalHistorical Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 2
Publication categoryResearch

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