The Analgesic Effect of Oxygen in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Substudy of the DETO2X-AMI Trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: In this substudy of the DETO2X-AMI (An Efficacy and Outcome Study of Supplemental Oxygen Treatment in Patients With Suspected Myocardial Infarction) trial, the authors aimed to assess the analgesic effect of moderate-flow oxygen supplementation in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to study the effect of oxygen supplementation on the use of opiates and sedatives during PCI. Background: Routine oxygen in normoxemic patients with AMI does not provide clinical benefit. However, oxygen may relieve ischemic pain. Methods: Patients were randomly allocated to oxygen or ambient air according to the main study protocol. After PCI, peak level of pain during PCI was measured by the Visual Analogue Scale. The total amount of opiates and sedatives was reported. Results: A total of 622 patients were enrolled: 330 in the oxygen group and 292 in the ambient air group. There was no significant difference in peak level of pain (oxygen 4.0 [1.0 to 6.0] vs. air 3.0 [0.6 to 6.0]; p = 0.37), use of opiates (mg) (oxygen 0.0 [0.0 to 3.0] vs. air 0.0 [0.0 to 3.0]; p = 0.31), or use of sedatives between the groups (median [interquartile range]) (oxygen 2.5 [0.0 to 2.5] vs. air 2.5 [0.0 to 2.5]; p = 0.74). Conclusions: In the present study, the authors did not find any analgesic effect of routine oxygen as compared with ambient air, and no differences in the use of sedatives and opiates during PCI. Our results indicate that moderate-flow oxygen supplementation does not relieve pain in normoxemic patients with suspected AMI undergoing treatment with PCI and should thus not be used for this purpose.

Details

Authors
  • David Sparv
  • Robin Hofmann
  • Annika Gunnarsson
  • Stefan James
  • Camilla Hedberg
  • Jörg Lauermann
  • Petronella Torild
  • Elmir Omerovic
  • Kristina Bergström
  • Espen Haugen
  • Camilla Bergström
  • Rikard Linder
  • Pia Borg
  • Urban Haaga
  • Anneli Olsson
  • Elin Böving
  • Ollie Östlund
  • Rebecca Rylance
  • Nils Witt
  • David Erlinge
  • DETO2X-SWEDEHEART Investigators
Organisations
External organisations
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping
  • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
  • Danderyd Hospital
  • Karlstad Hospital
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Södersjukhuset
  • Uppsala University
  • Gävle Hospital
  • Sundsvall Hospital
  • Svensk PCI Värmland AB
  • Uppsala University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • analgesic effect, oxygen, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1590-1597
Number of pages8
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume11
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 27
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes