The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600)

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)

Standard

The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600). / Forsell, Renée.

Classical archaeology and ancient history, 2001. 155 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)

Harvard

Forsell, R 2001, 'The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600)', Doctor, Classical archaeology and ancient history.

APA

Forsell, R. (2001). The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600). Classical archaeology and ancient history.

CBE

Forsell R. 2001. The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600). Classical archaeology and ancient history. 155 p.

MLA

Forsell, Renée The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600) Classical archaeology and ancient history. 2001.

Vancouver

Forsell R. The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600). Classical archaeology and ancient history, 2001. 155 p.

Author

Forsell, Renée. / The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600). Classical archaeology and ancient history, 2001. 155 p.

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - The Argolid under Roman rule (31 BC - AD 600)

AU - Forsell, Renée

N1 - Defence details Date: 2001-09-29 Time: 10:15 Place: Carolinasalen, Kungshuset, Lundagård External reviewer(s) Name: Poulsen, Birthe Title: Lektor Affiliation: Odense, Danmark ---

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - This study focuses on the region of Argolid in the eastern part of the Greek Peloponnese during the Roman Imperial era, taking up a variety of aspects of life there based mainly on archaeological evidence. The introduction presents the study area and the background to the study. This is followed in the next chapter by a survey of the various kinds of sites of Roman date found in the Argolid. Cities, villages, villas and farmsteads are presented and discussed as are the sites and installations with non-residential functions like agricultural sites, baths, aqueducts, kilns, quarries, harbours, roads, religious sites and graves. The following chapter provides a diachronic overview of the sites. Settlement patterns for the Early, Middle and Late Roman periods are identified. While the Early and Middle Roman periods (31 BC- AD 300) were characterised by a limited variety of sites and the urban domination of the largely uninhabited countryside, the Late Roman period (AD 300-600) evidenced increased habitation in the countryside as well as greater variety of sites. The next chapter deals with three specific aspects – subsistence, religion and power structures – discussed in relation to the two defined periods in order to distinguish any diachronic developments. The agrarian economy of the early period was diversified and complemented by other activities after 300 AD, when the countryside was more intensively used. Villages and villas became more numerous, often located on the coast. Trade also increased, evidenced by the imported pottery found at most locations. Some of the villages and villas may have hosted local markets. Regarding religion, the established Greek religion prevailed, supplemented by Imperial cult in the Early/Middle Roman period and renewed interest in large sanctuaries in the second century. In the fourth century rural reoccupation was accompanied by renewed activity at rural cult places. Christianity existed mainly in the cities. Only a few early churches have been found in the countryside, where conversion was slow. Christians and pagans seem to have lived peacefully side by side. Social, economic and political power in the Early/Middle Roman period were seemingly held by local elites from Romanised families while in the Late Roman period society, this structure was augmented by new power factors such as the Church and members of the Emperor's staff, sharing the power with the existing city councils. The cities changed character: old monumental buildings were not repaired, while private urban villas were built. By that point, all levels of society showed signs of Romanisation. The patterns shown in the Argolid are consistent with those in other eastern mainland areas. The settlement pattern change at the beginning of the Late Roman period was part of a more profound, systematic shift involving many areas of the Argive society, created by a combination of Imperial policy, increased activity in the Eastern Mediterranean trading network and the proximity to Constantinople.

AB - This study focuses on the region of Argolid in the eastern part of the Greek Peloponnese during the Roman Imperial era, taking up a variety of aspects of life there based mainly on archaeological evidence. The introduction presents the study area and the background to the study. This is followed in the next chapter by a survey of the various kinds of sites of Roman date found in the Argolid. Cities, villages, villas and farmsteads are presented and discussed as are the sites and installations with non-residential functions like agricultural sites, baths, aqueducts, kilns, quarries, harbours, roads, religious sites and graves. The following chapter provides a diachronic overview of the sites. Settlement patterns for the Early, Middle and Late Roman periods are identified. While the Early and Middle Roman periods (31 BC- AD 300) were characterised by a limited variety of sites and the urban domination of the largely uninhabited countryside, the Late Roman period (AD 300-600) evidenced increased habitation in the countryside as well as greater variety of sites. The next chapter deals with three specific aspects – subsistence, religion and power structures – discussed in relation to the two defined periods in order to distinguish any diachronic developments. The agrarian economy of the early period was diversified and complemented by other activities after 300 AD, when the countryside was more intensively used. Villages and villas became more numerous, often located on the coast. Trade also increased, evidenced by the imported pottery found at most locations. Some of the villages and villas may have hosted local markets. Regarding religion, the established Greek religion prevailed, supplemented by Imperial cult in the Early/Middle Roman period and renewed interest in large sanctuaries in the second century. In the fourth century rural reoccupation was accompanied by renewed activity at rural cult places. Christianity existed mainly in the cities. Only a few early churches have been found in the countryside, where conversion was slow. Christians and pagans seem to have lived peacefully side by side. Social, economic and political power in the Early/Middle Roman period were seemingly held by local elites from Romanised families while in the Late Roman period society, this structure was augmented by new power factors such as the Church and members of the Emperor's staff, sharing the power with the existing city councils. The cities changed character: old monumental buildings were not repaired, while private urban villas were built. By that point, all levels of society showed signs of Romanisation. The patterns shown in the Argolid are consistent with those in other eastern mainland areas. The settlement pattern change at the beginning of the Late Roman period was part of a more profound, systematic shift involving many areas of the Argive society, created by a combination of Imperial policy, increased activity in the Eastern Mediterranean trading network and the proximity to Constantinople.

KW - Antikens och forntidens historia

KW - Ancient history

KW - power structures

KW - social structure

KW - Christianisation

KW - religious life

KW - trade

KW - subsistence

KW - settlement patterns

KW - Western Argolid

KW - Southern Argolid

KW - Methana

KW - Troizenia

KW - Epidaurea

KW - Late Roman Greece

KW - Argolid

KW - Roman Greece

KW - History of the Christian church

KW - Kristna kyrkans historia

KW - Cultural anthropology

KW - ethnology

KW - Kulturantropologi

KW - etnologi

M3 - Doctoral Thesis (monograph)

PB - Classical archaeology and ancient history

ER -