The childhood-onset neuropsychiatric background to adulthood psychopathic traits and personality disorders

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The childhood-onset neuropsychiatric background to adulthood psychopathic traits and personality disorders. / Anckarsäter, Henrik; Nilsson, Thomas; Sjodin, Anna-Kari; Carlstedt, Anita; Forsman, Anders.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2005, p. 111-116.

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Anckarsäter, Henrik ; Nilsson, Thomas ; Sjodin, Anna-Kari ; Carlstedt, Anita ; Forsman, Anders. / The childhood-onset neuropsychiatric background to adulthood psychopathic traits and personality disorders. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2005 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 111-116.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The childhood-onset neuropsychiatric background to adulthood psychopathic traits and personality disorders

AU - Anckarsäter, Henrik

AU - Nilsson, Thomas

AU - Sjodin, Anna-Kari

AU - Carlstedt, Anita

AU - Forsman, Anders

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Childhood conduct disorder (CD) and adult psychopathic traits according to the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) were the closest psychiatric covariates to repeated violent crimes and aggression among offenders under forensic psychiatric investigation in Sweden. As psychopathy is not included in the present psychiatric diagnostic systems, we compared total and factor PCL-R scores to Axis I disorders, including childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, and to Axis II personality disorders, to establish the convergence of psychopathic traits with other psychiatric diagnoses, and to identify possible unique features. Psychopathic traits were positively correlated with bipolar mood disorder and negatively with unipolar depression. The total PCL-R scores as well as the Factor 2 (unemotionality) and Factor 3 (behavioral dyscontrol) scores were significantly correlated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Asperger's syndrome/high-functioning autistic traits, CD, substance abuse, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Cluster B personality disorders. The interpersonal Factor 1 showed none of these correlations and may capture features that are specific to psychopathy, distinguishing core psychopathy from other diagnostic definitions.

AB - Childhood conduct disorder (CD) and adult psychopathic traits according to the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) were the closest psychiatric covariates to repeated violent crimes and aggression among offenders under forensic psychiatric investigation in Sweden. As psychopathy is not included in the present psychiatric diagnostic systems, we compared total and factor PCL-R scores to Axis I disorders, including childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, and to Axis II personality disorders, to establish the convergence of psychopathic traits with other psychiatric diagnoses, and to identify possible unique features. Psychopathic traits were positively correlated with bipolar mood disorder and negatively with unipolar depression. The total PCL-R scores as well as the Factor 2 (unemotionality) and Factor 3 (behavioral dyscontrol) scores were significantly correlated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Asperger's syndrome/high-functioning autistic traits, CD, substance abuse, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Cluster B personality disorders. The interpersonal Factor 1 showed none of these correlations and may capture features that are specific to psychopathy, distinguishing core psychopathy from other diagnostic definitions.

U2 - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.030

DO - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.030

M3 - Article

C2 - 15723027

VL - 46

SP - 111

EP - 116

JO - Comprehensive Psychiatry

JF - Comprehensive Psychiatry

SN - 0010-440X

IS - 2

ER -