The chronology of tooth development in wild boar - A guide to age determination of linear enamel hypoplasia in prehistoric and medieval pigs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH) is transverse lines or bands on the enamel of teeth caused by developmental stress during the formation of the tooth crown. LEH has shown to be useful as a stress marker in studies of health conditions in past populations of pigs. The chronology of LEH and the age at which animals of past populations where afflicted by metabolic stress can be determined based on tooth formation. Tooth development in wild boar has been determined based on radiographs of 55 mandibles with known age of death. A user-friendly diagram of tooth development in wild boar has been made for determination of the chronology of LEH in archaeological pigs. The implications of the presented tooth development for the interpretation of chronology of LEH are also discussed.


  • Ola Magnell
  • Richard Carter
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • History and Archaeology


  • age, determination, wild boar, tooth development, pigs, linear enamel hypoplasia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
JournalVeterinarija ir Zootechnika
Issue number62
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch