The comparative and combined effects of hydrogen addition on the laminar burning velocities of methane and its blends with ethane and propane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Laminar burning velocities of hydrocarbon blends of relevance to natural gas combustion, with addition of 0, 10, 35 and 50% hydrogen, were measured using the heat flux method. Hydrocarbon blends were methane (80%)/ethane (20%), methane (80%)/propane (20%) and methane (80%)/ethane (10%)/propane (10%), and in addition experiments were performed using pure methane as a fuel. For the first time it was shown experimentally that hydrogen promotes laminar burning velocity of blends with heavier hydrocarbons to a smaller extent than the well-studied effect on methane. Measurements show that enrichment by hydrogen results in 20–40% lower increase in laminar burning velocity for hydrocarbon blends compared to pure methane, depending on stoichiometry. Modeling points at the importance of increasing concentrations of OH, O and H radicals in H2 enriched flames. At lean conditions increase in H atom concentration is of particular importance. The results are rationalized based on asymptotic flame theory analysis.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Eindhoven University of Technology
  • Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering

Keywords

  • Ethane, Flame enhancement, Hydrogen, Laminar burning velocity, Methane, Propane
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalFuel
Volume189
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes