The contact angle of nanofluids as thermophysical property

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


title = "The contact angle of nanofluids as thermophysical property",
abstract = "Droplet volume and temperature affect contact angle significantly. Phase change heat transfer processes of nanofluids – suspensions containing nanometre-sized particles – can only be modelled properly by understanding these effects. The approach proposed here considers the limiting contact angle of a droplet asymptotically approaching zero-volume as a thermophysical property to characterise nanofluids positioned on a certain substrate under a certain atmosphere. Graphene oxide, alumina, and gold nanoparticles are suspended in deionised water. Within the framework of a round robin test carried out by nine independent European institutes the contact angle of these suspensions on a stainless steel solid substrate is measured with high accuracy. No dependence of nanofluids contact angle of sessile droplets on the measurement device is found. However, the measurements reveal clear differences of the contact angle of nanofluids compared to the pure base fluid. Physically founded correlations of the contact angle in dependency of droplet temperature and volume are obtained from the data. Extrapolating these functions to zero droplet volume delivers the searched limiting contact angle depending only on the temperature. It is for the first time, that this specific parameter, is understood as a characteristic material property of nanofluid droplets placed on a certain substrate under a certain atmosphere. Together with the surface tension it provides the foundation of proper modelling phase change heat transfer processes of nanofluids.",
keywords = "Contact angle, Experimental strategy, Influence of temperature, Influence of volume, Nanofluids, Round robin test",
author = "M. Hernaiz and V. Alonso and P. Estell{\'e} and Z. Wu and B. Sund{\'e}n and L. Doretti and S. Mancin and N. {\cC}obanoğlu and Karadeniz, {Z. H.} and N. Garmendia and M. Lasheras-Zubiate and {Hern{\'a}ndez L{\'o}pez}, L. and R. Mondrag{\'o}n and R. Mart{\'i}nez-Cuenca and S. Barison and A. Kujawska and A. Turgut and A. Amigo and G. Huminic and A. Huminic and Kalus, {M. R.} and Schroth, {K. G.} and Buschmann, {M. H.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcis.2019.04.007",
language = "English",
volume = "547",
pages = "393--406",
journal = "Journal of Colloid and Interface Science",
issn = "0021-9797",
publisher = "Elsevier",