The Effects of Trees on Soils Chemistry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Trees often affect the chemical properties of soil, positively or negatively. This paper studied the effects of Podocarpus falcatus and Markhamia lutea trees on soil chemis- try in Ruhande Arboretum, Rwanda. Soil samples were collected using Zigzag method from Arboretum forest of Ruhande at different depths (0-20, 20-40 and 40-60 cm). For each plot, 25 samples were collected to make one composite sample per plot for each depth. The re- sults showed that tree species contributed to the changes of soil chemistry along the depths of the soil layers. The laboratory analyses showed that there was a high significant influence of tree species on soil pH and Aluminum ions. However, it was observed that there is no significant influence of Podocarpus falcatus and Markhamia lutea species on the available phosphorus or on the total exchangeable acidity. On the other hand, analyzing soil samples under Markhamia lutea showed an increase in the total nitrogen and a decrease in the pH and available phosphorus. Therefore, it was recommended that under acidic soils, forestry and agroforestry actors should use less acidifying tree species, such as Markhamia lutea and Podocarpus falcatus.


External organisations
  • Pan African University
  • University of Rwanda
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Engineering


  • Rwanda, Podocarpus falcatus, Markhamia lutea, phosphorus, exchangeable acidity, cation exchange Rwanda, cation exchange capacity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Environmental Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch