The Ethnic Employment and Income Gap in Sweden: Is Skill or Labor Market Discrimination the Explanation?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study uses a cognitive test score, the Swedish Military Enlistment test taken at age 18, to identify whether the ethnic employment and income gap in Sweden is caused by a pre-market skill gap and/or ethnic discrimination. The employment gap and income gap are estimated for males born in Sweden with different ethnic backgrounds: their parents were born in Sweden or in southern Europe or outside Europe. Controlling for the cognitive test score does not affect the ethnic employment gap, and for incomes the ethnic income gap almost disappears.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economics
  • Economic History


  • ethnic discrimination, Productive skills, wages, second generation, J64, J71
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-510
JournalScandinavian Journal of Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch