The Evolution of Safe Third Country Law and Practice

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


This chapter examines changes to safe third country law and practice from 2010 to 2020 focusing on Europe, Australia, North, and South America. These developments have received little academic attention, particularly from a comparative perspective. We argue that in all four regions there has been a significant weakening of protection standards in the safe third country context, with the thresholds for effective protection becoming further removed from the rights outlined in the Refugee Convention and other international and regional human rights treaties. In addition, law makers and adjudicative decision makers have shown disregard for the principle of international solidarity. We suggest that these developments pose a significant challenge to refugee protection and the international refugee regime more broadly.


External organisations
  • Universidad del Pacífico, Peru
  • Australian National University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Law


  • Migration law, Public international law
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Publication categoryResearch