The Growth of Complexity and Accuracy in L2 French: Past observations and recent applications of developmental stages

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


This chapter addresses the question of the growth of accuracy and complexity in L2 French from the perspective of developmental sequences of morphosyntax, developmental stages and linguistic profiling. We examine the systematic growth of morphosyntactic features expressed by the learner during the acquisition process (sequences). Furthermore, we investigate the relatedness of different developmental phenomena over time (stages). The six developmental stages for L2 French proposed by Bartning & Schlyter (2004) are presented and exemplified and new results are added to the already detailed description of the development of the grammatical system in L2 French of Swedish learners.
In addition, we present some recent applications of the model of Bartning and Schlyter, published after 2004. This model has proved to be a useful and practical tool of assessment of general language proficiency in L2 French and, consequently, the stages of morphosyntactic development have been used as independent measures in a number of studies that are briefly summarized in this chapter.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Languages and Literature


  • Morphosyntax, Complexity, French, Second Language Acquisition, Accuracy
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDimensions of L2 Performance and Proficiency Investigating Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in SLA
EditorsAlex Housen, Folke Kuiken, Ineke Wedder
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN (Print)978 90 272 1305
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch

Related projects

Anita Thomas, Jonas Granfelt, Malin Ågren & Suzanne Schlyter

Swedish Research Council


Project: Research

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