The heating effect of phase change material (PCM) vests on a thermal manikin in a subzero environment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


The heating effects of three PCM vests (Tmelt=32, 28 and 24 °C) were tested on a thermal manikin with constant temperature at 30 ºC in a subzero environment (Ta=-4 °C, Va=0.4 m/s). The results showed that the heating effects lasted about 3-4 hours. The highest heating effects reduced heat loss for 20-30 W/m2 on the torso during the first two hours. The results also showed that the vest with higher melting/solidifying temperature had a greater and longer heating effect. Among the three wear scenarios, the PCM vest worn directly and closely over the stretch coverall without winter jacket revealed the highest heating effect on the torso.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • vest, subzero environment, thermal manikin, phase change material, heating
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Meeting on Manikins and Modelling (7I3M)
PublisherFaculty of Science and Technology, University of Coimbra, Portugal
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
EventThe 7th International Meeting on Manikins and Modelling (7I3M) - Coimbra, Portugal
Duration: 2008 Sep 32008 Sep 5


ConferenceThe 7th International Meeting on Manikins and Modelling (7I3M)

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