The Malmö Offspring Study (MOS): design, methods and first results

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T1 - The Malmö Offspring Study (MOS)

T2 - design, methods and first results

AU - Brunkwall, Louise

AU - Jönsson, Daniel

AU - Ericson, Ulrika

AU - Hellstrand, Sophie

AU - Kennbäck, Cecilia

AU - Östling, Gerd

AU - Jujic, Amra

AU - Melander, Olle

AU - Engström, Gunnar

AU - Nilsson, Jan

AU - Ohlsson, Bodil

AU - Klinge, Björn

AU - Orho-Melander, Marju

AU - Persson, Margaretha

AU - Nilsson, Peter M

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - As cardio metabolic disease manifestations tend to cluster in families there is a need to better understand the underlying mechanisms in order to further develop preventive strategies. In fact, genetic markers used in genetic risk scores, important as they are, will not be able alone to explain these family clusters. Therefore, the search goes on for the so called missing heritability to better explain these associations. Shared lifestyle and social conditions in families, but also early life influences may be of importance. Gene-environmental interactions should be explored. In recent years interest has grown for the role of diet-microbiota associations, as microbiota patterns may be shared by family members. In the Malmö Offspring Study that started in 2013, we have so far been able to examine about 4700 subjects (18-71 years) representing children and grandchildren of index subjects from the first generation, examined in the Malmö Diet Cancer Study during 1991 to 1996. This will provide rich data and opportunities to analyse family traits of chronic disease across three generations. We will provide extensive genotyping and phenotyping including cardiovascular and respiratory function, as well as markers of glucose metabolism. In addition, also cognitive function will be assessed. A 4-day online dietary recall will be conducted and gut as well as oral microbiota analysed. The ambition is to provide one of the first large-scale European family studies with individual data across three generations, which could deepen our knowledge about the role of family traits for chronic disease and its underlying mechanisms.

AB - As cardio metabolic disease manifestations tend to cluster in families there is a need to better understand the underlying mechanisms in order to further develop preventive strategies. In fact, genetic markers used in genetic risk scores, important as they are, will not be able alone to explain these family clusters. Therefore, the search goes on for the so called missing heritability to better explain these associations. Shared lifestyle and social conditions in families, but also early life influences may be of importance. Gene-environmental interactions should be explored. In recent years interest has grown for the role of diet-microbiota associations, as microbiota patterns may be shared by family members. In the Malmö Offspring Study that started in 2013, we have so far been able to examine about 4700 subjects (18-71 years) representing children and grandchildren of index subjects from the first generation, examined in the Malmö Diet Cancer Study during 1991 to 1996. This will provide rich data and opportunities to analyse family traits of chronic disease across three generations. We will provide extensive genotyping and phenotyping including cardiovascular and respiratory function, as well as markers of glucose metabolism. In addition, also cognitive function will be assessed. A 4-day online dietary recall will be conducted and gut as well as oral microbiota analysed. The ambition is to provide one of the first large-scale European family studies with individual data across three generations, which could deepen our knowledge about the role of family traits for chronic disease and its underlying mechanisms.

U2 - 10.1007/s10654-020-00695-4

DO - 10.1007/s10654-020-00695-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 33222051

VL - 36

SP - 103

EP - 116

JO - European Journal of Epidemiology

JF - European Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 1573-7284

IS - 1

ER -