The mechanical properties of elastic arteries in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study whether measurements of wall mechanics can be used as an indicator of disturbed vessel wall integrity and predictor of vessel fragility in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS). METHODS: The wall mechanics of the abdominal aorta (AO) and common carotid artery (CCA) were estimated from the indices Ep (pressure strain elastic modulus) and stiffness (beta) in twelve individuals with EDS of different subtypes and compared with the results of a healthy reference population. Ep and beta were calculated from diameter and pulsatile diameter change determined non-invasively with the aid of an ultrasonic echo-tracking system and blood pressure obtained by the auscultatory method. RESULTS: Compared with normal individuals and their confidence intervals, subjects with EDS had unaltered diameter, Ep and beta in the AO, as well as in the CCA. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) also showed unaltered results. AO: diameter (males p = 0.66, females p = 0.27), Ep (males p = 0.81, females p = 0.27) and beta (males p = 0.95, females p = 0.12). CCA: diameter (males p = 0.36, females p = 0.46), Ep (males p = 0.93, females p = 0.48) and beta (males p = 0.86, females p = 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: This investigation could not demonstrate any alteration in wall mechanics as a sign of disturbed vessel wall integrity of elastic arteries in EDS. This might indicate that the structural defect in the arterial wall collagen, and thus the tendency to vessel fragility, cannot be revealed under normal physiological pressure conditions.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery

Keywords

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Arterial distensibility, Wall mechanics, Compliance, Echo-tracking, Ultrasonography
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-264
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200)