The mouthparts enriched odorant binding protein 11 of the Alfalfa Plant Bug Adelphocoris lineolatus displays a preferential binding behavior to host plant secondary metabolites

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Abstract

Odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are proposed to be directly required for odorant discrimination and represent potential interesting targets for pest control. In the notoriously agricultural pest Adelphocoris lineolatus, our previous functional investigation of highly expressed antennal OBPs clearly supported this viewpoint, whereas the findings of the current study by characterizing of AlinOBP11 rather indicated that OBP in hemipterous plant bugs might fulfill a different and tantalizing physiological role. The phylogenetic analysis uncovered that AlinOBP11 together with several homologous bug OBP proteins are potential orthologs, implying they could exhibit a conserved function. Next, the results of expression profiles solidly showed that AlinOBP11 was predominantly expressed at adult mouthparts, the most important gustatory organ of Hemiptera mirid bug. Finally, a rigorously selective binding profile was observed in the fluorescence competitive binding assay, in which recombinant AlinOBP11 displayed much stronger binding abilities to non-volatile secondary metabolite compounds than the volatile odorants. These results reflect that AlinOBP11, even its orthologous proteins across bug species, could be associated with a distinctively conserved physiological role such as a crucial carrier for non-volatiles host secondary metabolites in gustatory system.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Keywords

  • phylogenetic analysis
Original languageEnglish
Article number201
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume7
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes