The Operational Problem of Fire Control

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

The operational core of firefighting operations was examined. The effects of various firefighting procedures on the fire ground, their impact upon conditions on the fire ground in which decisions by commanding officers are made and the effects of allocating resources in time and space on the fire ground were explored. In addition, various approaches for modelling firefighting operations were discussed. The purpose of the underlying work includes gaining knowledge on how firefighting operations are built-up and how the initiation, execution and coordination of procedures affect the course of events at the scene of a fire. The work was mainly based on experiments with fires in small apartments and with fires in large halls where fire spread is restricted. The firefighting procedures used in the experimental work were restricted to fire suppression and fire ventilation. The main contributions to the development of theory on fire and rescue operations were to bring about a better understanding of the inherent dynamics of firefighting operations, and an approach to modelling of firefighting operations based on the analysis of data from experiments on tactical patterns, was suggested. Suggestions for continued work included investigations of the effects of procedures used by the fire and rescue service, and investigating effects of various tactical patterns. In addition, emphasis should be put on modelling of firefighting operations.

Details

Authors
  • Stefan Svensson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Building Technologies

Keywords

  • Byggnadsteknik, Building construction, control, tactics, operation, firefighting, procedure
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2002 Sep 27
Publisher
  • Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety, Lund University
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2002-09-27 Time: 10:15 Place: Assembly hall V:B John Ericssons väg 1, Lund External reviewer(s) Name: Ohlsson, Kjell Title: Professor Affiliation: Linköpings University --- Article: Svensson, S. Developing a command structure within the fire services - from enlistment to a viable system. In Jennings, Charles (Ed.). Improving Firefighter Safety: Human Behavior and Organizational Aspects. An International Conference. Alexandria Virginia: Institution of Fire Engineers, United States Branch. 2001. Article: Svensson, S. Experimental Study Of Fire Ventilation Actions During Firefighting Operations. Fire Technology, vol. 37, No. 1, 2001. Article: Svensson, S. A Study of Tactical Patterns During Firefighting Operations. Accepted for publication in Fire Safety Journal. 2002. Article: Svensson, S., Lundström, S. Live Fire Tests on Suppression of Post-flashover Fires Using Manually Applied High and Low Pressure Water Sprays. In Proceedings: 8th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference (Interflam'99). Interscience communications, London. 1999. Article: Svensson, S. & Werling, P. Experimental Study Of Fire Ventilation Procedures In A Large Hall. In Proceedings: 9th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference (Interflam'01). Edinburgh, 17th – 19th September 2001.Interscience communications, London, 2001. Article: Svensson, S. & Särdqvist, S. Fire Tests In A Large Hall, Using Manually Applied High- And Low Pressure Water Sprays. Fire Science and Technology, vol. 21, No. 1, 2001.