The P1PK blood group system: revisited and resolved

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

CONCLUSIONS: This update on the P1PK blood group system (Hellberg Å, Westman JS, Thuresson B, Olsson ML. P1PK: the blood group system that changed its name and expanded. Immunohematology 2013;29:25-33) provides recent findings concerning the P1PK blood group system that have both challenged and confirmed old theories. The glycosphingolipids can no longer be considered the sole carriers of the antigens in this system because the P1 antigen has been detected on human red blood cell glycoproteins. New indications suggest that P1Pk synthase activity truly depends on the DXD motif, and the genetic background and molecular mechanism behind the common P1 and P2 phenotypes were found to depend on transcriptional regulation. Transcription factors bind the P1 allele selectively to a motif around rs5751348 in a regulatory region of A4GALT, which enhances transcription of the gene. Nonetheless, unexplained differences in antigen expression between individuals remain.

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  • Region Skåne
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalImmunohematology
Volume36
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes