The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non–lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.

Details

Authors
  • Manfred Binder
  • Robert Riley
  • Kerrie Barry
  • Robert Blanchette
  • Bernard Henrissat
  • Angel Martinez
  • Robert Ottilar
  • Joseph Spatafora
  • Jagjit Yadav
  • Andrea Aerts
  • Isabelle Benoit
  • Alex Boyd
  • Alexis Carlson
  • Alex Copeland
  • Pedro Coutinho
  • Ronald de Vries
  • Patricia Ferreira
  • Keisha Findley
  • Brian Foster
  • Jill Gaskell
  • Dylan Glotzer
  • Pawel Gorecki
  • Joseph Heitman
  • Cedar Hesse
  • Chiaki Hori
  • Kiyohiko Igarashi
  • Joel Jurgens
  • Nathan Kallen
  • Phil Kersten
  • Annegret Kohler
  • Ursula Kues
  • Arun Kumar
  • Alan Kuo
  • Kurt LaButti
  • Luis Larrondo
  • Erika Lindquist
  • Albee Ling
  • Vincent Lombard
  • Susan Lucas
  • Taina Lundell
  • Rachael Martin
  • David MacLaughlin
  • Ingo Morgenstern
  • Emanuelle Morin
  • Claude Murat
  • Laszlo Nagy
  • Matt Nolan
  • Robin Ohm
  • Aleksrandrina Patyshakuliyeva
  • Antonis Rokas
  • Francisco Ruiz-Duenas
  • Grzegorz Sabat
  • Asaf Salamov
  • Masahiro Samejima
  • Jeremy Schmutz
  • Jason C. Slot
  • Franz St. John
  • Jan Stenlid
  • Hui San
  • Sheng Sun
  • Khajamohiddin Syed
  • Andrian Tsang
  • Ad Wiebenga
  • Darcy Young
  • Antonio Pissabarro
  • Daniel C. Eastwood
  • Francis Martin
  • Dan Cullen
  • Igor V. Grigoriev
  • David S. Hibbett
External organisations
  • Clark University
  • Joint Genome Institute (JGI)
  • University of Minnesota system
  • Aix-Marseille University
  • Biological Research Center (CIB), Madrid
  • Oregon State University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1715-1719
JournalScience
Volume356
Issue number6338
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 29
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes