The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


title = "The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes",
abstract = "Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non–lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.",
author = "Dimitrios Floudas and Manfred Binder and Robert Riley and Kerrie Barry and Robert Blanchette and Bernard Henrissat and Angel Martinez and Robert Ottilar and Joseph Spatafora and Jagjit Yadav and Andrea Aerts and Isabelle Benoit and Alex Boyd and Alexis Carlson and Alex Copeland and Pedro Coutinho and {de Vries}, Ronald and Patricia Ferreira and Keisha Findley and Brian Foster and Jill Gaskell and Dylan Glotzer and Pawel Gorecki and Joseph Heitman and Cedar Hesse and Chiaki Hori and Kiyohiko Igarashi and Joel Jurgens and Nathan Kallen and Phil Kersten and Annegret Kohler and Ursula Kues and Arun Kumar and Alan Kuo and Kurt LaButti and Luis Larrondo and Erika Lindquist and Albee Ling and Vincent Lombard and Susan Lucas and Taina Lundell and Rachael Martin and David MacLaughlin and Ingo Morgenstern and Emanuelle Morin and Claude Murat and Laszlo Nagy and Matt Nolan and Robin Ohm and Aleksrandrina Patyshakuliyeva and Antonis Rokas and Francisco Ruiz-Duenas and Grzegorz Sabat and Asaf Salamov and Masahiro Samejima and Jeremy Schmutz and Slot, {Jason C.} and {St. John}, Franz and Jan Stenlid and Hui San and Sheng Sun and Khajamohiddin Syed and Andrian Tsang and Ad Wiebenga and Darcy Young and Antonio Pissabarro and Eastwood, {Daniel C.} and Francis Martin and Dan Cullen and Grigoriev, {Igor V.} and Hibbett, {David S.}",
year = "2012",
month = jun,
day = "29",
doi = "10.1126/science.1221748",
language = "English",
volume = "356",
pages = "1715--1719",
journal = "Science (New York, N.Y.)",
issn = "1095-9203",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "6338",