The Placement of the Feathers: Violence among Sub-Boreal Hunter-Gatherers from Gotland, Central Baltic Sea

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter


This chapter presents the results of a study on the occurrence of cranial trauma in a sub-Neolithic maritime hunter-gatherer population on the island of Gotland, in the central Baltic Sea. The material derives from cemeteries of the Pitted Ware Culture, the last hunter-gatherers of southern Scandinavia. A total of 109 adult crania were analysed (fifty-seven males and fifty-two females). Evidence for trauma was found in 14% of the males and 7.7% of the females analysed. However, with the exception of one female cranium, all showed evidence of healing.


External organisations
  • Stockholm University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Archaeology


  • interpersonal violence, human skeletons, Pitted War Culture, hunter-gatherers, cranial trauma
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSticks, Stones, and Broken Bones
Subtitle of host publicationNeolithic Violence in a European Perspective
EditorsRick J Schulting, Linda Fibiger
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)978-0-19-957306-6
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch