The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador. / Hansen, Melissa; Islar, Mine; Krause, Torsten.

In: Conservation and Society, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2015, p. 287-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador

AU - Hansen, Melissa

AU - Islar, Mine

AU - Krause, Torsten

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The paper examines the ways in which states facilitate 'new enclosures' of natural resources, and the challenges of this as a strategy of development and environmental sustainability. We argue that enclosures introduce significant changes in property regimes, which redefine conditions for the access and control of land and forest, especially for tribal and indigenous communities. In this context, we analyse two state-initiated projects-the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in South Africa, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the Socio Bosque incentive conservation programme in Ecuador.

AB - The paper examines the ways in which states facilitate 'new enclosures' of natural resources, and the challenges of this as a strategy of development and environmental sustainability. We argue that enclosures introduce significant changes in property regimes, which redefine conditions for the access and control of land and forest, especially for tribal and indigenous communities. In this context, we analyse two state-initiated projects-the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in South Africa, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the Socio Bosque incentive conservation programme in Ecuador.

KW - Ecuador

KW - South Africa

KW - UNESCO World Heritage

KW - iSimangaliso Wetland Park

KW - financial incentives for conservation

KW - protected areas

KW - state-driven development

KW - Enclosure

U2 - 10.4103/0972-4923.170406

DO - 10.4103/0972-4923.170406

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 287

EP - 298

JO - Conservation and Society

T2 - Conservation and Society

JF - Conservation and Society

SN - 0975-3133

IS - 3

ER -