The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century

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The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century. / Cintas, Olivia; Berndes, Göran; Hansson, Julia; Poudel, Bishnu Chandra; Bergh, Johan; Börjesson, Pål; Egnell, Gustaf; Lundmark, Tomas; Nordin, Annika.

In: Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 383, 01.01.2017, p. 73-84.

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Cintas, Olivia ; Berndes, Göran ; Hansson, Julia ; Poudel, Bishnu Chandra ; Bergh, Johan ; Börjesson, Pål ; Egnell, Gustaf ; Lundmark, Tomas ; Nordin, Annika. / The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century. In: Forest Ecology and Management. 2017 ; Vol. 383. pp. 73-84.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century

AU - Cintas, Olivia

AU - Berndes, Göran

AU - Hansson, Julia

AU - Poudel, Bishnu Chandra

AU - Bergh, Johan

AU - Börjesson, Pål

AU - Egnell, Gustaf

AU - Lundmark, Tomas

AU - Nordin, Annika

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Swedish climate policy targets net zero greenhouse gases (GHG) by mid-century, with road transport independent of fossil fuels by 2030, requiring far-reaching changes in the way energy is used. Forest management is expected to support carbon sequestration and provide biomass for various uses, including energy. In this paper, we combine two energy scenarios with four forest scenarios and quantify GHG balances associated with energy-use for heat, electricity, and road transport, and with forest management and production, use, and end-of-life management of various forest products, including products for export. The aggregated GHG balances are evaluated in relation to the 2-degree target and an allocated Swedish CO2 budget. The production of biofuels in the agriculture sector is considered but not analyzed in detail. The results suggest that Swedish forestry can make an important contribution by supplying forest fuels and other products while maintaining or enhancing carbon storage in vegetation, soils, and forest products. The GHG neutrality goal is not met in any of the scenarios without factoring in carbon sequestration. Measures to enhance forest productivity can increase output of forest products (including biofuels for export) and also enhance carbon sequestration. The Swedish forest sector can let Sweden reach net negative emissions, and avoid “using up” its allocated CO2 budget, thereby increasing the associated emissions space for the rest of the world.

AB - Swedish climate policy targets net zero greenhouse gases (GHG) by mid-century, with road transport independent of fossil fuels by 2030, requiring far-reaching changes in the way energy is used. Forest management is expected to support carbon sequestration and provide biomass for various uses, including energy. In this paper, we combine two energy scenarios with four forest scenarios and quantify GHG balances associated with energy-use for heat, electricity, and road transport, and with forest management and production, use, and end-of-life management of various forest products, including products for export. The aggregated GHG balances are evaluated in relation to the 2-degree target and an allocated Swedish CO2 budget. The production of biofuels in the agriculture sector is considered but not analyzed in detail. The results suggest that Swedish forestry can make an important contribution by supplying forest fuels and other products while maintaining or enhancing carbon storage in vegetation, soils, and forest products. The GHG neutrality goal is not met in any of the scenarios without factoring in carbon sequestration. Measures to enhance forest productivity can increase output of forest products (including biofuels for export) and also enhance carbon sequestration. The Swedish forest sector can let Sweden reach net negative emissions, and avoid “using up” its allocated CO2 budget, thereby increasing the associated emissions space for the rest of the world.

KW - Carbon budget

KW - Climate change

KW - Energy systems

KW - Forest fuels

KW - Forest supply

KW - GHG balances

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84995923641&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.015

DO - 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.015

M3 - Article

VL - 383

SP - 73

EP - 84

JO - Forest Ecology and Management

T2 - Forest Ecology and Management

JF - Forest Ecology and Management

SN - 1872-7042

ER -