The prospects for an expansion of biogas systems in Sweden - Incentives, barriers and potentials

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The prospects for an expansion of biogas systems in Sweden - Incentives, barriers and potentials. / Lantz, Mikael; Svensson, Mattias; Björnsson, Lovisa; Börjesson, Pål.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2007, p. 1830-1843.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The prospects for an expansion of biogas systems in Sweden - Incentives, barriers and potentials

AU - Lantz, Mikael

AU - Svensson, Mattias

AU - Björnsson, Lovisa

AU - Börjesson, Pål

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Biogas is a renewable, high-quality fuel, currently produced at more than 200 locations in Sweden. The present production is some 5 PJ/year but the potential is approximately 10 times higher. Biogas can be produced from a wide range of raw materials, from organic waste to dedicated energy crops, and can be utilised for various energy services such as heat, combined heat and power or as a vehicle fuel. Biogas systems are therefore affected by a number of different incentives and barriers, including energy-, waste treatment- and agricultural policies. In this paper, different policies and policy instruments, as well as other factors, which influence a potential expansion of Swedish biogas systems, are identified and evaluated. Existing incentives and barriers can be divided into those affecting the production of biogas, and those affecting the utilisation of the biogas. Only a few types of biogas systems are competitive in Sweden today, while the majority needs increased incentives of different kinds to reach profitability. Such incentives are often motivated from an energy and environmental point of view. Due to the complexity of the biogas systems and the many actors involved, all with different interests, the process of implementing adequate policy instruments will require concerted efforts. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Biogas is a renewable, high-quality fuel, currently produced at more than 200 locations in Sweden. The present production is some 5 PJ/year but the potential is approximately 10 times higher. Biogas can be produced from a wide range of raw materials, from organic waste to dedicated energy crops, and can be utilised for various energy services such as heat, combined heat and power or as a vehicle fuel. Biogas systems are therefore affected by a number of different incentives and barriers, including energy-, waste treatment- and agricultural policies. In this paper, different policies and policy instruments, as well as other factors, which influence a potential expansion of Swedish biogas systems, are identified and evaluated. Existing incentives and barriers can be divided into those affecting the production of biogas, and those affecting the utilisation of the biogas. Only a few types of biogas systems are competitive in Sweden today, while the majority needs increased incentives of different kinds to reach profitability. Such incentives are often motivated from an energy and environmental point of view. Due to the complexity of the biogas systems and the many actors involved, all with different interests, the process of implementing adequate policy instruments will require concerted efforts. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - policy instruments

KW - implementation aspects

KW - biogas systems

U2 - 10.1016/j.enpol.2006.05.017

DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2006.05.017

M3 - Review article

VL - 35

SP - 1830

EP - 1843

JO - Energy Policy

T2 - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 1873-6777

IS - 3

ER -